Sat, Sep 16, 2017 – 2:00 PM
It could have been worse.
Wholesale prices of pork bellies surged to over US$200 per hundredweight in July after starting the year at roughly US$116, caused by stronger-than-expected consumer demand and tight supply, according to government data and industry watchers.
But consumers did not feel the pinch sooner because it usually takes about six weeks for changes in belly prices to be seen at the supermarket, industry experts said.
From December 2016 through most of 2017, storage of pork bellies in public, private and semi-private cold storage warehouses stayed at record lows, even as US farmers took advantage of lower feed prices to build the domestic hog herd to record highs, according to industry and government data.
When US consumer demand did not ease and retail prices remained steady, the industry found itself in a short-term supply quandary, said Doane Advisory Services economist Dan Vaught.
“I really would have thought the industry would have been more aggressive in storing bellies for use this summer, which obviously wasn’t the case because the amount in product in storage really lagged historical levels pretty badly all year,” Mr Vaught said.
“When end-users needed those bellies they weren’t there, despite the record production overall for summer, so we ended up with a shortage.” Wholesale US pork belly prices hit their highest ever of US$227.54 per cwt (or US$2.28 per pound) on July 26, before sinking to the lowest for the year on Friday, to US$101.63 per cwt, according to US Department of Agriculture data.
As summer progressed, shoppers started to see the ripple effect. The average August retail bacon price reached an all-time peak of US$6.24 per pound, up 7.3 per cent from July and 14.5 per cent higher than the year-ago period, according to USDA retail price data released this week.
What goes up must come down, said food and livestock analysts. The retail bacon price spike dampened consumer and food service sales. That, in turn, has sent wholesale pork belly prices falling about 50 per cent in the past few weeks, said Steve Meyer, a pork analyst at Indiana-based EMI Analytics.
“That pushback is the primary reason that belly primal prices are now at US$104 per cwt,” Mr Meyer said. “These low wholesale values will encourage storage and attract end users back when the pricing is eventually passed along.”