China’s EMBA programmes: under government scrutiny

After a decade of stellar growth, China’s executive MBA programmes are under pressure. Recent government regulations target the courses which many in authority have dismissed as networking clubs offering little in the way of education.

After their introduction about 15 years ago, the number of EMBA programmes has ballooned to more than 60. Until recently they have been taking some 8,000 students a year, catering to demand from founders of private companies, many of whom had little formal business education.

The part-time programmes, which are designed so that managers can complete them without having to leave their jobs, have been lucrative for colleges, which have rushed to open business schools. Fees for a two-year, part-time course at a top institution can reach over Rmb600,000 ($90,600).

As well as catering for entrepreneurs, the courses have been attended by government officials — who account for 5-10 per cent of students in most EMBA programmes, and reaching 40 per cent in some others, according to Chinese media estimates, suggesting they have been important forums for political and business elites looking to build relationships.

Among those who have taken EMBA degrees are senior officials such as Huang Qifan, former mayor of Chongqing, and Du Jiahao, the top Communist party official in Hunan Province, who both graduated from the Shanghai-based China Europe International Business School (Ceibs).

Huang Qifan, former mayor of Chongqing, has an EMBA from Ceibs © AFP

However, EMBAs have become a target for the anti-corruption campaign championed by Xi Jinping, China’s President, when he came to power in 2012. “EMBA programmes in China have been described as rich men’s clubs, and some institutions offering them have been criticised for alleged corrupt practices,” the state-run China Daily reported last year.

The Chinese government in 2014 barred “leading cadres” within the Communist party, the government and state-owned enterprises from signing up for costly business training unless they had official approval and agreed to pay fees themselves. Those already on such programmes were told to quit immediately — with the institutions forced to refund their fees.

The screws were further tightened last summer when China’s education ministry ordered all students to pass national entrance exams before enrolling in domestic EMBAs.

The move, which the ministry said was aimed at raising standards, was accompanied by stricter monitoring of class attendance and performance, as well as the introduction of interviews to assess “political awareness” — a Communist party euphemism for supporting government policy.

The regulations have drastically reduced student enrolment at the lower-level schools. One school dean who did not want to be named says that the number who can be admitted has dropped from 10,000 last year to only 2,500 in this year’s intake.

The 2014 ban “accounted for about 30 per cent of our students. The next kick was the [2016] exam regulations,” Zou Yufeng, head of EMBA projects at Renmin University of China School of Business, told a forum in April, according to state media. “I estimate that of all 64 programmes, perhaps only 15 are performing decently,” he added.

The pool of company managers without qualifications has dried up, according to Mr Zou. “Take a look at company executives. Most already have master’s degrees . . . I don’t think the future can be like the past, with every school taking on so many students.”

Mike Bastin, senior lecturer at the University of Southampton in the UK and visiting professor at China’s University of International Business and Economics, says the tighter regulation has done little to improve standards at the lower-level schools. “EMBA programmes taking place outside the top Chinese business schools are often little more than party networking opportunities with no or little serious attempt at anything like the academic rigour required,” he says.

Some are expecting a cull of lower-ranked programmes. “I would expect to see a shake out of some of the mid-tier programmes which have sprouted up during the last decade of EMBA programme expansion in China,” says Eric Skuse, associate director of research at Emerging Strategy, a US consultancy.

“After the growth-stage expansion of China’s EMBA market in the last decade, there is likely to be a natural attrition of some of those programmes — particularly the Sino-Western joint-ventures among the mid-tier institutions — as the market matures,” he adds.

Students on Fudan’s joint programme with Washington University

One variety of EMBA course which has escaped the crackdown are those jointly run with foreign universities, as they are exempted from some of the regulations on Chinese schools. Several of these appear in the FT ranking of the top EMBA courses in the world.

The EMBA programme run at Shanghai’s Fudan University jointly with Washington University’s Olin Business School in the US attracts about 90 per cent of its intake from staff at multinationals with a presence in China. Most are Chinese and many already have overseas degrees. Foreign programmes are generally taught in English, making them inaccessible to many Chinese entrepreneurs. However, the programme faces new challenges, as China’s economic slowdown has hit multinationals who have been the lifeblood of EMBA programmes in the country.

Wang Xiaozu, a professor at Fudan who teaches on both the English language and Chinese language EMBAs, says that compared to the Chinese course, the joint programme is much more demanding academically. For Chinese courses “socialising is a bigger motivation for students”.

When asked about the declining numbers from state-owned enterprises, he says: “We still have SOE people, they can still come if they pay for themselves, but they are a lot fewer.”


  1. Please add a rating and a written review. viagra walmart

  2. Due to sensory or mental stimulation, or both, the erection begins. pfizer generic viagra

  3. benefit those with physical or psychological buying viagra online forums,, buy viagra online without prescriptions

  4. Because the fever will usually remain between 98. where to buy generic viagra online forum where to
    buy viagra online safely

  5. Sildenafil prescription discount buy
    viagra online mastercard

  6. Buy cheap essays online
    buy essays online reviews

  7. Cialis pill
    difference between viagra and cialis

  8. Best essay writing service online essay writer service

  9. Help dissertation dissertation editing service

  10. Write my essay discount code custom application essay
    custom essays writing

  11. What is dissertation psychology dissertation topics dissertation writing
    service reviews

  12. Paper writing service reviews dltk custom writing paper

  13. Liquid tadalafil reviews tadalafil dose

  14. Comparatif cialis viagra levitra levitra hombres sanos
    levitra 24 stunden

  15. Best price prescription drugs buy viagra pharmacy 100mg

  16. Cialis 20mg for sale receive cialis overnight

  17. cialis for daily use 5 mg where to buy tadalafil in india buy

  18. 10 mg generic cialis viagra vs cialis/strong>

  19. Cialis 60 mg cialis paypal payment canada

  20. Generic cialis next day delivery 20mg cialis online why do you need to find a bathroom with cialis

  21. I’m amazed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s both equally educative and
    amusing, and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head.
    The issue is an issue that too few men and women are speaking intelligently about.
    I’m very happy that I stumbled across this in my search for something relating to this.

  22. Buy drugs online from canada 24 store pharmacy reviews most abused prescription drugs

  23. What’s up, just wanted to mention, I liked this article.
    It was inspiring. Keep on posting!

  24. Drugs for sale canadian prescriptions nabp certified canadian pharmacy

  25. Online canadian pharmacy cialis cheap cialis overnight cialis dosages available

  26. Purchase cialis in montreal overnight cialisis on line how to buy cialis online?

  27. Greetings I am so thrilled I found your website,
    I really found you by accident, while I was browsing on Askjeeve for
    something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say kudos for a remarkable post and a all
    round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to
    read it all at the moment but I have saved it and also
    added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read
    more, Please do keep up the fantastic job.

  28. Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how
    can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a
    acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  29. Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing
    this article and the rest of the website is really good.

  30. Hello there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be okay.
    I’m absolutely enjoying your blog and look forward to new posts.

  31. We stumbled over here coming from a different website and thought
    I may as well check things out. I like what I see so now i’m following you.
    Look forward to exploring your web page for a second time.

  32. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice even as you amend your website,
    how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal.
    I have been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered
    brilliant clear idea

  1. Pingback: 100 free dating site in dubai

  2. Pingback: new free dating sites 2021

  3. Pingback: sugar daddy dating free

  4. Pingback: free dating websites nj

  5. Pingback:

  6. Pingback: top free dating sites 2021

  7. Pingback: free irish dating sites

  8. Pingback: free no registration dating sites

  9. Pingback: mingle2 free online dating

  10. Pingback: free dating sites thailand

  11. Pingback: prednisone 10mg sold over counter

  12. Pingback: plaquenil for covid 19 prophylaxis

  13. Pingback: viagra with dapoxetine

  14. Pingback: what to eat on keto diet

  15. Pingback: splenda keto

  16. Pingback: keto diet free plan

  17. Pingback: plaquenil hydroxychloroquine stock

  18. Pingback: liquid hydroxychloroquine for sale walmart

  19. Pingback: cost of plaquenil uk

  20. Pingback: does eharmony have gay dating

  21. Pingback: gay dating in houston

  22. Pingback: 100 free gay online dating

  23. Pingback: zithromax over the counter canada

  24. Pingback: ivermectil kroger coupons

  25. Pingback: priligy brand name in india

  26. Pingback: buy brand cialis online

  27. Pingback: sa gay dating site

  28. Pingback: best online pharmacies in canada

  29. Pingback: dayton gay dating scene

  30. Pingback: good gay dating websites

  31. Pingback: ivermectin and alcohol

  32. Pingback: adam4adam gay dating website

  33. Pingback: ivermectin to buy

  34. Pingback: plenty fish gay dating

  35. Pingback: generic viagra cost

  36. Pingback: viagrakari

  37. Pingback: canadian drugs

  38. Pingback: canadian generic viagra

  39. Pingback: sklice capsule

  40. Pingback: sildenafil over the counter india

  41. Pingback: viagra connect

  42. Pingback: plaquenil generic drug

  43. Pingback: plaquenil 75 mg

  44. Pingback: writing literary analysis essay

  45. Pingback: writing compare and contrast essay

  46. Pingback: viagra canada

  47. Pingback: cialis cost

  48. Pingback: viagra without doctor prescription

  49. Pingback: how to viagra tablet

  50. Pingback: canadian pharmacy viagra 100

  51. Pingback: ivermectin capsule 12mg

  52. Pingback: purchase cialis

  53. Pingback: where do you buy viagra in melbourne

  54. Pingback: writing essay for college

  55. Pingback: pfizer viagra going generic

  56. Pingback: pay someone to write your essay

  57. Pingback: generic viagra vs cialis

  58. Pingback: cheap custom essay writing service

  59. Pingback: 150 mg viagra cheap

  60. Pingback: writing college essay

  61. Pingback: the best essay writing service

  62. Pingback: cialis dosing

  63. Pingback: cialis kaufen

  64. Pingback: how to buy viagra online without prescription

  65. Pingback: active ingredient in viagra

  66. Pingback: sildenafil

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

nine + 6 =