In a recent Gazette guest opinion, Montana Public Service Commission Chairman Brad Johnson touted the commission’s recent decisions that affect Montana electricity customers and made questionable claims about progress toward securing “Montana’s clean energy future.” But by any credible measure, the commission’s irresponsible decision last month to kill small-scale commercial solar energy development in Montana was a leap backward and will hurt both consumers and future business development in Montana.
On June 22, the commission voted to slash by 40 percent the amount that our largest utility, NorthWestern Energy, must pay to small-scale, commercial solar power developers. These solar developers put electricity onto the grid so NorthWestern can sell it to us. As Commissioner Bob Lake unknowingly admitted on a live microphone, “Just dropping the rate that much probably took care of the whole thing.” But in case the low payments don’t “take care of” Montana solar development — in a Godfather kind of way — the commission effectively guaranteed that outcome by reducing the maximum contract length for solar projects from 25 years to just five years. In doing so, the commission eliminated the kind of market certainty that solar developers need to make sound business decisions, which makes securing financing for such projects in Montana all but impossible.
Consider how the PSC has treated other NorthWestern Energy production sources recently in pricing and contract length: The price for power from various coal sources has ranged from about $64 to $67 per megawatt hour, over terms of 30 years or more, from hydro almost $60/MWh and 30 years, and from the Judith Gap wind farm about $32/MWh and 20 years. Yet the PSC just set the rate for solar projects at $20/MWh for 5 years.
This decision of the PSC — a regulatory, not policy-making body — is a clear attempt to discourage solar development, and it goes against long-established federal law. Since the PSC is a quasi-judicial body, this can best be described as “legislating from the bench.” The Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act is a 39-year-old law that requires states to encourage the development of renewable power when it is cost-competitive with traditional energy resources. The PSC’s decision does the opposite.
The commission has tried to defend its decision, but in fact, it is a horrible outcome for consumers. Montanans overwhelmingly want clean energy — and not just because it’s far better for our health, water, air and climate. It’s also good for our wallets. Solar energy has never been cheaper. When solar is fairly valued based on real market economics, it is cost-competitive with other, dirty forms of energy. And because it is independent of volatile natural gas and coal markets, solar’s affordability is reliable into the future.
As NorthWestern Energy customers, we have almost no choice in where our power comes from or how much we pay. We are captive customers of NorthWestern’s monopoly. Because NorthWestern earns greater profit on energy sources it builds and operates itself, it has every incentive to shut out independent producers of power – which is exactly what the PSC’s recent decisions do. We depend on our elected PSC to ensure that producers of solar and other forms of renewable energy that benefit consumers have a fair opportunity to compete. Consumers demand it; and as The Billings Gazette recognized in its July 5 editorial, the law requires it.
When it comes to providing Montanans access to clean, affordable solar energy, the Public Service Commission has let us down. Our commissioners have an opportunity to reconsider their decision, and if they care about consumers and Montana’s economic future, they should.
Bob Raney is a former PSC member and legislator from Livingston.