Wednesday, August 16, 2017
Why should a city, commonwealth, or state, be allowed to identify dollars that won’t be considered when calculating its full faith and credit?
This the conundrum right now as bankrupt Puerto Rico tries to figure out who has claim to what. It was obvious years ago that Puerto Rico was insolvent and bankrupt under almost any definition yet billions in bonds were subsequently issued and then purchased by American Investors under the ruse that they were backed by the full faith and credit of Puerto Rico. But were they really backed? And what of the various other bonds that were issued backed by sales tax revenue or another stream of future taxes. Were they all ultimately backed by the full faith and credit also?
They can’t all be paid off because there is no money, just more promises. Cities like Hartford and Chicago are undergoing huge battles over how pension obligations will be handled. This article discusses the dilemma in Chicago where Mayor Emmanuel ‘s latest scheme. The State is allowing the City to segregate the roughly $1 billion in tax revenue that goes to the City and issue bonds directly on that sum. The hope is that rating agencies will give these bonds a better rating than GO bonds currently get and lower the cost of borrowing to the City of Chicago.
Why Elorza Wants to be Puerto Rico
The same thing has happened in Puerto Rico where now there are competing claims on the same revenues. This exactly the road that Mayor Elorza will take if he can convince the Speaker. Providence has very few options to solve its imminent disaster. Note that Chicago and Hartford are not nearly as underfunded as Providence and Providence has much fewer resources for revenues. Mr. Elorza even had the nerve to mock serious observers of Providence’s finances and has been unable to produce an independent report saying Providence is viable. We are now in the 3rd year of his paid for PFM study and we have done nothing. We are in the 2nd year of the much ballyhooed NRN 10-year study and not only has the Mayor implemented nothing he recently remained silent on perpetual contract law that had to be vetoed by Governor Raimondo. What was he thinking there? A perpetual contract would have made the NRN proposal worthless as it required a grand bargain.
The stats cited in Chicago’s case and article highlighted above are compared to Providence below:
Why is our Mayor so unconcerned about bankruptcy? Why does he laugh at taxpayers? What is his plan?
Michael G. Riley is vice chair at Rhode Island Center for Freedom and Prosperity and is managing member and founder of Coastal Management Group, LLC. Riley has 35 years of experience in the financial industry, having managed divisions of PaineWebber, LETCO, and TD Securities (TD Bank). He has been quoted in Barron’s, Wall Street Transcript, NY Post, and various other print media and also appeared on NBC News, Yahoo TV, and CNBC.
GoLocalProv breaks down the sequence of events that have played out during Rhode Island’s State Employee Pension Fund reform.
In the five years before Raimondo was elected, pension changes included a decrease in established retirement age from 65 to 62, increased eligibility to retire, and modified COLA adjustments.
(Photo: 401(k) 2013, Flickr)
Governor Don Carcieri makes pension reform a top priority in his emergency budget plan. His three-point plan included:
1. An established minimum retirment age of 59 for all state and municipal employees.
2. Elimination of cost-of-living increases.
3. Conversion of new hires into a 401(k) style plan.
See WPRI’s coverage of Carcieri’s proposal here.
Rhode Island increased mandatory employee contributions for new and current employees. New Mexico was the only other state to mandate current employees to increase their contributions.
Read the NCSL report here
(Photo: FutUndBeidl, Flickr)
Rhode Island’s state administered public employee pension system only held 48% of the assets to cover future payments to its emplyees.
“This system as designed today is fundamentally unsustainable, and it is in your best interest to fix it” – Gina Raimondo
Check out Wall Street Journal’s coverage here.
Gina Raimondo defeats opponent Kernan King in the election for General Treasurer of Rhode Island using her platform to reform the structure of Rhode Island’s public employee pension system. She received 201,625 votes, more than any other politician on the 2010 Rhode Island ballot.
Raimondo leads effort to reduce the state’s assumed rate of return on pension investments from 8.25 to 7.5%.
Her proposal includes plans to suspend the Cost of Living Adjustment (which allows for raises corresponding with rates of inflation for retirees), changing the retirement age to match Social Security ages, and adding a defined contribution plan.
Raimondo releases “Truth in Numbers”, a report detailing the pension crisis and offering possible solutions. She continues to work to raise public support for her proposal.
“Decades of ignoring actuarial assumptions led to lower taxpayer & employee contributions being made into the system.” – Gina Raimondo (Truth in Numbers)
Read GoLocalProv’s analysis of the report here.
Read the Truth in Numbers report here.
Governor Lincoln Chafee and General Treasurer Gina Raimondo present their pension reform legislation proposal before a joint session of the General Assembly.
“Our fundamental goal throughout this process has been to provide retirement security through reforms that are fair to the three main interested parties: retirees, current employees and the taxpayer…I join the General Treasurer in urging the General Assembly to take decisive action and adopt these reforms.”- Gov. Lincoln Chafee
Head of Rhode Island firefighters’ union accuses Raimondo of “cooking the books” to create a pension problem where one did not exist. Paul Valletta Jr. states that Raimondo raised Rhode Islanders’ assumed mortality rate to increase liability to the state, using data from 1994 instead of updated information from 2008, and lowered the anticipated rate of return on state investments.
“You’re going after the retirees! In this economic time, how could you possibly take a pension away?” Paul Valletta Jr (Head of RI Firefighters’ Union)
Read more from the firefighters’ battle with Raimondo here.
Check out the New York Times’ take on RI’s pension crisis here.
November 17, 2011
The Rhode Island Retirement Security Act (RIRSA) is enacted by the General Assembly with bipartisan support in both chambers. RIRSA’s passing is slated to reduce the unfunded liability of RI’s pension system and increase its funding status by $3 billion and 60% respectively, level contributions to the pension system by taxpayers, save municipalities $100 million through lessened contributions to teacher and MERS pension systems, and lower the cost of borrowing.
Read more from GoLocalProv here.
November 18, 2011
Governor Lincoln Chafee signs RIRSA into law. According to a December 2011 Brown University poll, 60% of Rhode Island residents support the reform. Following its enactment, Raimondo holds regional sessions to educate public employees on the effects of the legislation on their retirement benefits.
Read about how Rhode Islanders react to RIRSA here.
Raimondo hosts local workshops to explain the pension reforms across Rhode Island. She also receives national attention for her contributions to the state’s pension reforms. The reforms are given praise and many believe Rhode Island will serve as a template for other States’ future pension reforms.
Read about the pension workshop here.
Read Raimondo’s feature in Institutional Investor here.
March – April 2012
Raimondo opposes Governor Chafee’s proposal to cut pension-funded deposits. She continued to provide workshops on the pension reforms.
“The present law is sound fiscal policy and should remain unchanged.” -George Nee (Rhode Island AFL-CIO President)
Led by the Rhode Island State Association of Fire Fighters, unions protest the 2011 pension reform outside of the Omni Providence where Governor Lincoln Chafee and General Treasurer Gina Raimondo conduct a national conference of bond investors.
Read about Raimondo’s discussion of distressed municipalities here.
The pension plan comes under increased scrutiny as a result of the involvement of hedge funds and private equity firms. Reports show that $200 million of the state pension fund was lost in 2012.
“In short, impressive educational credentials and limited knowledge of investment industry realities made Raimondo ideally suited to champion private equity’s public pension money grab.” – Ted Seidle (Forbes)
Read GoLocalProv’s coverage of the State Pension Fund’s losses here.
Read Ted Seidle’s criticism of Raimondo in Forbes.
Reports show that the State’s retirement system increased in 2013 by $20 million despite the reforms being put into effect the previous year.
Read GoLocalProv’s investigation into the rising pension costs here.
Matt Taibbi publishes an article in Rolling Stone detailing Raimondo’s use of hedge funds as a questionably ethical tool to aid with pension reform.
Read Taibbi’s article in Rolling Stone.
Read GoLocalProv’s response to Taibbi here.
As Raimondo eyes the role of Governor of Rhode Island in 2014, more behind-the-curtain information about the 2011 pension reform comes to light.
Read more from GoLocalProv about the players in the pension battle here.